The fao has a role in animal health high-impact animal diseases such as foot- and-mouth disease or african swine fevers may not directly affect human health, but they do affect food and nutrition security and livestock production and trade a recent successful example has been the global eradication of rinderpest in 2011. Lack of attention to livestock, fisheries, pests and diseases, and interactions rivera-ferre et al (unpublished) demonstrate how the ipcc analysis of food security in the fifth assessment report (ar5) is largely crop-focussed, with minimal attention to livestock and even in the cropping studies the focus is rather narrow – on. The latest cgiar report on the impact of climate change on african agriculture argues that increased regional temperatures and a greater risk of pests and diseases will affect crop, livestock, and fisheries productivity throughout africa without effective adaptation measures, regional production of maize and. Summary 9 1 introduction 10 2 livestock for food security and nutrition – a background 13 21 linkages to the sustainable development goals 13 22 the role of oei world organisation for animal health sdg sustainable development goal sjv swedish board of agriculture ssa sub-saharan africa who. Mitigation while improving global food security there are fore, among them animal disease risks, antimicrobial resistance and human health and nutrition north africa the oecd also contributes to short-term market analysis through active participation in the fao-led agricultural mar- ket information system (amis. Garrett milne, carleton university animal diseases threaten the lives of millions of livestock on a daily basis these animals are relied upon in the food supply, meaning massive losses can lead to widespread food shortages. Depending on reviewed document, to address food security issue in ethiopia, the household head and members of the household should engage in different of food insecurity in african and other third world countries were drought and other extreme weather events, pests, livestock diseases and other agricultural. African livestock futures realizing the potential of livestock for food security, poverty reduction and the environment in sub-saharan africa 1commonwealth scientific and industrial research organisation, st lucia, 4067 qld, australia 2international institute for applied systems analysis, laxenburg, austria 3formerly.
A systematic review and meta-analysis of infectious livestock diseases in vietnam livestock as key issue in agricultural extension and advisory in sub- saharan africa to achieve food and nutrition security improved goat keeping among smallholders for a nutritious diet and increased food security study. Food security in the aftermath of disasters usaid/ofda supports agricultural infrastructure rehabilitation and economic recovery by providing agriculture- based southern africa faced two key post-harvest challenges: pests, such as grain borers recurrent livestock disease outbreaks, such as rift valley fever, can have. Deze analyse van de west afrikaanse veehouderij is een summary livestock keeping traditionally is very important in west africa, occurring in many forms and fulfilling roles that change over time and from north to dutch ministries of economic affairs (department of european agricultural policy and food security,. In contrast, population in sub-saharan africa (ssa) will still be growing at 12 per cent per year rapid population growth could continue to be an important impediment to achieving improvements in food security in some countries, even when world population as a whole ceases growing sometime during the present century.
Poverty alleviation, food security and executive summary the bmgf and other donors and development agencies need to target investments in the livestock sector in ways that are likely to maximize the impacts for broad development of livestock production maps for sub-saharan africa, south asia. Vulnerability analysis has been widely used in global change science to predict impacts on food security and famine it is a tool that is useful to inform policy decision making and direct the targeting of interventions the model developed shows that nations within sub-saharan africa, particularly in the sahel. The sustainable development of agriculture, including livestock, is essential for poverty reduction and the achievement of food security and nutrition improve disease prevention, control, and surveillance, including through cross border cooperation on transboundary diseases, in order to foster.
And animal wellbeing is optimized through strategic livestock development in respect of food security, agrarian transformation and rural development, and in supporting industrial development the proposed animal diseases management plan follows the detailed analysis of the national development plan (ndp),. Disease has shown its potential of spreading to other neighbouring countries of southern europe this review emphasises on the risk of rvf on the future livestock economy and consequent food security in the horn of africa and analyses the current situation in severely suffering regions mechanisms and concepts of food.
Sustainable agricultural production & food security use of livestock in the light of climate change introduction livestock are essential for food and nutrition security in sub-saharan africa they serve multiple purposes and are challenges, such as increased prevalence of diseases, heat stress, and. The ahvla 's key role is to safeguard public and animal health and welfare, protect the economy and enhance food security through research, surveillance and inspection they work to prevent and control animal disease across the uk through activities on farms, at markets and other livestock-related. Summary livestock plays a central role in food security by providing food, employment and income but livestock can also negatively affect food security feed (see table 2) table 1 share of crops, dairy and fish used for livestock feed (% of total regional supply in year 2000) middle east and north africa sub.
Food security the core focus of food security in southern africa is sustainable access to safe and adequate food at all times poverty, drought and chronic disease can result in food system failures or chronically inadequate nutrition, making food security a top priority within the southern african development community. Created a novel conceptual framework integrating a gender lens to climate change and food security in livestock systems discussion surrounding livestock in african slums has evolved from one of resistance, based on concerns of zoonotic disease transmission and animals feeding on waste, towards one of acceptance.
In such a world, current crop and livestock varieties and agricultural practices will often be inadequate, and food security will be more difficult to achieve livestock and crop diseases will be affected by various drivers, including shifts in the spatial and temporal distribution of some disease vectors, such as. 7 food security and food production systems coordinating lead authors: john r porter (denmark/uk), liyong xie (china) lead authors: andrew j challinor ( uk), kevern cochrane pests, weeds, diseases projected impacts for crops and livestock in global regions and sub-regions under future scenarios.
Many of the issues were addressed by the world health organization in 2002 under the flag of “health for all,” by the american veterinary medical association's (avma) one health initiative (avma, 2008), and recently by the food and agriculture organization (fao)'s detailed analysis, world livestock 2011 (fao, 2011. African livestock keepers use livestock to positively cope with underlying causes of food insecurity such as population growth due to a number of reasons such as animal disease and death as a result of systems thinking is a conceptual model where component parts of a system are analyzed within the system and as. Overall the direct losses limit livestock productivity affecting food security 2 in countries with ongoing control programmes, fmd control and management creates large costs these control programmes are often difficult to discontinue due to risks of new fmd incursion 3 the presence, or even threat,. The promotion of the livestock industry for food security in africa and arab countries hassane mahamat hassane, au-pattec coordination office african union commission, po box 3243, addis ababa, ethiopia email: [email protected] africa-unionorg executive summary africa and the arab world have been linked for.